Get in touch with Transylvania. We prepared you the adventures of your lifetime. Discover hidden gems and see old friends for the first time!
Starting from: 20 - 25 SEPT 2020
Old Wine & Citadels
Wine is the drink of gods and Romania has few of the best wines in the world. And we mean tasting premium wines in original locations assorted with our delicious food. Learn about well known international grapes or our local Romanian varieties in great, unique and original crafted wines. The great places and the evening parties will give you an unforgettable experience.
- Best wines – You will have the chance to discover some less known hidden gems. Wineries such as La Salina Winery ( built on top of Turda Salt Mine ), and the biggest winery in Europe – Jidvei Winery & Bethlen Castle, unique medieval residence.
- Great food – Coming to Romania is a must for any travel enthusiast and food lover because there is such a richness in terms of traditional cuisine, that your senses will be absolutely spoiled with amazing and intense flavors.
- Unique medieval landmarks – Our roots in Transylvania have some unforgettable spots. You will be able to see our history through one of the most well-known Unesco heritage citadels: Sighisoara, Dracula’s Castle, Citadels as: Rupea, Fagaras, Feldioara and many more
Monday program highlights ( 21th September 2020)
Sighișoara ( Latin: Castrum Sex) is a city on the Târnava Mare River in Mureș County, Romania.,located in the historic region of Transylvania.
During the 12th century, German craftsmen and merchants known as the Transylvanian Saxons were invited to Transylvania by the King of Hungary to settle and defend the frontier of his realm.
The city played an important strategic and commercial role at the edges of Central Europe for several centuries. Sighișoara became one of the most important cities of Transylvania, with artisans from throughout the Holy Roman Empire visiting the settlement. The German artisans and craftsmen dominated the urban economy, as well as building the fortifications protecting it. It is estimated that during the 16th and 17th centuries Sighișoara had as many as 15 guilds and 20 handicraft branches.
Central Sighișoara has preserved in an exemplary way the features of a small medieval fortified city. It has been listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. Each year, a Medieval Festival takes place in the old citadel in July.
Sighișoara is considered to be the most beautiful and well-preserved inhabited citadel in Europe, with authentic medieval architecture. In Eastern Europe, Sighișoara is one of the few fortified towns that are still inhabited.
The town is made up of two parts. The medieval stronghold was built on top of a hill and is known as the “Citadel” (Cetate). The lower town lies in the valley of Târnava Mare river.
Mediaș is located in the middle basin of Târnava Mare River, at 39 km from Sighișoara and 41 km from Blaj. The health resort Bazna, officially recognized for the first time in 1302, is 18 km from Mediaș. The health resort offers mineral water springs, rich in salts, mineral mud and a special type of salt, called “Bazna salt”. The distance between Mediaș and the county’s residence Sibiu is 55 km.
The first signs of human communities in the area are thought to be from the middle Neolithic period. The name of the city comes from the Hungarian word meggy (sour cherry). The Romanian name originates in the German version, which comes from the Hungarian name (Medgyes).
In the 13th century, the kings of Hungary invited German settlers known as Transylvanian Saxons to the area, who settled in the valley of the Târnava Mare River. Mediaș has one of the best preserved historical centers in Romania and also some well preserved medieval fortifications.
The city lies in the middle of the area which was inhabited by Transylvanian Saxons and in an area of 20 km around it there are dozens of fortified churches, two of them UNESCO World heritage sites.
The grapes and wine leaves visible in the city’s coat of arms refer to the (once well-known) wine from Mediaș.
Turda ( Latin: Potaissa) is a city in Cluj County, Romania, situated on the Arieș River.
There is evidence of human settlement in the area dating to the Middle Paleolithic, some 60,000 years ago
The Dacians established a town that Ptolemy in his Geography calls Patreuissa, which is probably a corruption of Patavissa or Potaissa, the latter being more common. It was conquered by the Romans, who kept the name Potaissa, between AD 101 and 106, during the rule of Trajan, together with parts of Decebal’s Dacia.
After the Hungarian conquest, the Turda salt mines were first mentioned in 1075. They were closed in 1932 but have recently been reopened for tourism.
Saxons settled in the area in the 12th century. The town was destroyed during the Tartar invasion in 1241–1242. Andrew III of Hungary gave royal privileges to the settlement. These privileges were later confirmed by the Angevins of Hungary.
Tuesday program highlights ( 22th September 2020)
During the Roman period the settlement was called Apulum (from the Dacian Apoulon, mentioned by Ptolemy).
The main historical area of Alba Iulia is the Upper Town region, developed by Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor in honour of whom the Habsburgs renamed the city Karlsburg. The fortress, with seven bastions in a stellar shape, was constructed between 1716 and 1735 by two Swiss fortification architects.
Inside the fortress are The Union Hall with the National Honour Gallery, The National History Museum of Unification, the Princely Palace (Voivodal Palace), the Orthodox cathedral, the Roman Catholic cathedral, the Batthyaneum Library, the Roman Catholic bishop’s palace, the Apor Palace, and the University of Alba Iulia.
Wednesday program highlights ( 23th September 2020)
Cetatea de Baltă is a commune in Alba County, Romania. It is located between Târnăveni at 15 kilometers and Blaj at 21 kilometers on the county road DJ 117.
The Bethlen Castle, built in the 16th century in the French Renaissance style and restored in the 17th-18th centuries in the Baroque style.
Cetatea de Baltă is part of the Târnave Vineyard – Jidvei, making viticulture an essential component of the local economy.
Jidvei wines are nurtured in Romania, within the Târnave wine region, along the two Târnave rivers: Târnave Mica and Târnava Mare. The Târnave region is situated in Jidvei, Alba County.
Considered to be the second motherland of the Traminer, Tarnave Vineyard owes this fact to the massive colonization in the second half of the thirteenth century with Saxons from the Mosel – Rhine Valley, who founded Seiden (the German name for Jidvei).
It is a local variety which gained a special place among dry wines for its freshness, smoothness and fruity flavor. It has a remarkable balance and fruity flavor. Its acidity, slightly higher than in other Jidvei wines, makes it lively and attractive to numerous consumers.
It is a dry, semi-dry or semi-sweet wine that has always been the fame of Jidvei, both in Romania and abroad. It has a herbal, aromatic and fruity flavor. It is a lively wine, mildly acid, extremely palatable and round. After appropriate aging, the bouquet and flavor become melon-like.
Reminiscent of the Transylvanian knights’ banquets, is a semi-dry wine that combines in its aroma ripe apple flavor with vine flower scent. It has been described as crystal clear, with yellow-whitish glows end emerald irisations, filled with liveliness and distinction.
It is produced in a wide variety, from dry to sweet. Its color is yellow-green to gold or amber-gold, after several aging years. Its specific and distinct aroma resembles that of roses. The taste is slightly spicy, but otherwise smooth and velvety. Through aging it becomes full-bodied, slightly bitter and has a hazelnut flavor.
It is a wine that made Jidvei its second homeland. Its color goes from straw yellow to gold, the aroma from dry, semi-dry to sweet. Its flavor is that of ripe grapes, with attractive taste. It is an aromatic wine, much like scented lemon flowers or sage essence.
Sibiu is one of the most important cultural centres of Romania and was designated the European Capital of Culture for the year 2007, along with the city of LuxembourgFormerly the centre of the Transylvanian Saxons, the old city of Sibiu was ranked as “Europe’s 8th-most idyllic place to live” by Forbes in 2008. The city also administers the village of Păltiniș, a ski resort located 35 kilometres to the south.
Sibiu was initially a Daco-Roman city called Cedonia. The town was refounded by the Saxons (German) settlers brought there by the king Géza II of Hungary.
In the 14th century, it was already an important trade centre. In 1376, the craftsmen were divided in 19 guilds. Sibiu became the most important ethnic German city among the seven cities that gave Transylvania its German name Siebenbürgen (literally seven citadels).It was home to the Universitas Saxorum (Community of the Saxons), a network of pedagogues, ministers, intellectuals, city officials, and councilmen of the German community forging an ordered legal corpus and political system in Transylvania since the 1400s.
After World War I, when Austria-Hungary was dissolved, Sibiu became part of Romania; the majority of its population was still ethnic German (until 1941) and counted a large Romanian community, as well as a smaller Hungarian one. Starting from the 1950s and until after 1990, most of the city’s ethnic Germans emigrated to Germany and Austria.
Thursday program highlights ( 24th September 2020)
Friday program highlights ( 25th September 2020)
A local legend says that Negru Vodă left the central fortress to travel south past the Transylvanian Alps to become the founder of the Principality of Wallachia, although Basarab I is traditionally known as the 14th century founder of the state. By the end of the 12th century the fortress itself was made of wood, but it was reinforced in the 14th century and became a stone fortification.
Făgăraș, together with Amlaș, constituted during the Middle Ages a traditional Romanian local-autonomy region in Transylvania. The first written document mentioning Romanians in Transylvania referred to Vlach lands (“Terra Blacorum”) in the Făgăraș Region in 1222. (In this document, Andrew II of Hungary gave Burzenland and the Cuman territories South of Burzenland up to the Danube to the Teutonic Knights.) After the Tatar invasion in 1241–1242, Saxons settled in the area. In 1369, Louis I of Hungary gave the Royal Estates of Făgăraș to his vassal, Vladislav I of Wallachia.
Built in 1310 on the site of a former 12th century wooden fortress (burned by the Tartars in 1241), Fagaras was enlarged between the 15th and 17th centuries and was considered one of the strongest fortifications in Transylvania. The fortress was surrounded by a deep moat which, in times of war or social unrest, could easily be filled with water from a nearby mountain brook. A bridge over the moat provided the only access point. The fortress boasts three floors and five towers.
Throughout the years, Fagaras Fortress functioned mainly as a residence for various princes and their families. Transylvanian Prince Gabriel Bethlen (1613-1629), strongly influenced by the Italian Renaissance, brought architects and glassmakers from Italy who rebuilt the fortress, bestowing elegance and beauty to the construction. During the rule of Georg Rákóczi (1630-1649), the castle’s fortifications were doubled and the moat was enlarged. Ráckózi had the bastions bridged and covered, the moat paved with stones, the bridge and the casemates repaired and a guardhouse built.
Records show that the interior must have been luxurious in the 17th century; unfortunately, little of its former grandeur has been preserved. The castle was deprived of its decorations and fancy furniture when it was turned into a military garrison in the 18th century.
Today, the beautifully preserved fortress houses the Fagaras County Museum, displaying Roman artifacts, a collection of medieval weapons and traditional folk crafts. The museum also hosts a beautiful collection of icons painted on glass.